Mar 30, 2023  
OHIO University Undergraduate Catalog 2022-23 
OHIO University Undergraduate Catalog 2022-23
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CARS 2050 - Archaeology and the Bible

This course focuses on the intersection of material culture and the writings of the Judeo-Christian Bible within the broader framework of interpreting texts and the material record. The course introduces students to archaeological methods as well as to the critical study of texts. This approach involves the examination of coherence and divergence between historical documents and material culture, and it also involves the examination of advantages and limitations of both types of data. The regional and chronological focus is the eastern Mediterranean of the first half of the first millennium BCE, although reference will be made to the second millennium BCE and to the turn of the Christian Era. In addition to major political developments, course also includes what the material and textual evidence report about the lifeways of Iron Age people in the Eastern Mediterranean. Finally, the course reflects comparatively on cases and issues in Historical Archaeology outside the main regional and chronological focus of the course.

Credit Hours: 3
OHIO BRICKS Pillar: Humanities: Text and Contexts
General Education Code (students who entered prior to Fall 2021-22): 2HL
Repeat/Retake Information: May be retaken two times excluding withdrawals, but only last course taken counts.
Lecture/Lab Hours: 3.0 lecture
Grades: Eligible Grades: A-F,WP,WF,WN,FN,AU,I
Learning Outcomes:
  • Students will be able to apply archaeological method to the investigation of historical periods in the Eastern Mediterranean
  • Students will be able to describe the main contours of Israelite and Judean history.
  • Students will be able to explain the main debates over history and archaeology of Israel and Judea and the evidentiary bases on which they rest.
  • Students will be able to apply historical methods in the analysis of text.
  • Students will be able to comprehend and critically analyze archaeological reports from the Eastern Mediterranean for the periods examined.
  • Students will be able to evaluate archaeological and historical arguments about the confluence and divergence of textual and material records.

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